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The International Samaa Festival for Sufi Music & Chanting: Now in Cairo
Qubbet El Ghouri is no stranger to Sufi and Dervish performances. The resident Al Ghouri Tannoura Dance group have been drawing crowds from all around Cairo for as long as we can remember.
This Ramadan, the Egyptian Ministry of Culture has joined forces with the Indian Embassy’s Maulana Azad Centre for Indian Culture to bring together Sufi musicians from all around the world. Musicians from Egypt will be joined by performers from North Africa, Asia, Europe and even the US.
The most common form of Sufi music comes in the form of the Qawwali. Coming from the word ‘qawl’ (meaning a saying of the prophet), each song is usually a retelling and dedication to a saying or a teaching. One such example of a qawwali singer is India’s Chanchal Bharti.
Bharti holds the honour of being one of the few female Indian Qawwali singers, and has been plying her trade for over twenty years, both in India and beyond. Acclaim has come in the form of awards and international recognition, but none of this has waned Bharti’s enthusiasm.
At the opening of the festival on August 15th, she shared the stage with seven other vocalists and instrumentalists, but was forever the heart of the performance. Every wave of her hand and shake of her head seems as part of the song as her voice does. She isn’t just going through the motions; listen carefully, and you’ll notice her nuances and touches compared to the other performers. Out of all the acts, who all took their place on stage at the same time, waiting to perform, she and her seven-man group stood out more than anyone; and not just because of their pink and black ensembles. Their performance was befitting of their billing. Bharti will perform again on August 21st, 22nd, and at the closing ceremony on the 25th.
Like many Qawwalis, Bharti’s pieces often last for around twenty minutes and longer. Our MTV generation-ears are more accustomed to three-and-a-half minutes of verse-chorus-verse-chorus arrangements; and so this is definitely not your standard musical performance.
There’s a very deliberate lucid but fluid structure to the Qawwalis: the combination of tabla, harmonium and raba amongst other instruments is actually very structured, and will sound so to a more familiarised ear.
Sufi music has a deep-cairo360usered history in Pakistan, and so it’s no surprise that no less than fourteen Pakistani musicians and performers have travelled to Cairo for the festival. Sponsored by the influential Rafi Peer Theatre Workshop, these performers come with a pedigree. Some performers such as Mohib Khamiso Khan have grown up with Sufi music; he is the son of legendary Pakistani flutist Akmal Qadri. Others like Riaz Ali have been trained at some of the most revered and highly regarded Sufi gharanas (houses). The Pakistani group will perform on August 18th and 19th.
Sufi music fans will be more than aware of Egypt’s own Samaa' Sufi Band. The group often perform at Al Ghouri led by Intesar Abd El Fattah, and their performances are often labelled as ‘messages of peace’. Don’t misunderstand this, though; this holds no political motivations. In fact, they are aware of the entertainment value of their performances; entertainment that comes from their skill as musicians. Any given performance can feature up to seventeen participants, all of which have an intricate part to play. Samaa’ Band may be the most captivating of the acts at the festival; their performances set them in a trance. You can see them on the August 21st, 23rd and 24th, and at the closing ceremony on the 25th.
This is no small operation; Sufi music might be a niche, but the efforts that the organisers and performers have undertaken to put the festival together are commendable. It may cater to acquired taste; but as a spectacle, the Samaa Festival is mesmerizing on every level.
Gypsum Gallery is currently displaying its first ever group exhibition in co-operation with Nile Sunset Annex to mark the end of the season. What Are You Doing, Object? is the bizarre and controversial title that has been given to this showing and immediately implies a sense of confusion.
A series of sculptures and installations make up the open space where visitors can walk around to inspect the art at every angle. The first piece to greet our eyes was by Hassan Khan, titled Double Mirror, which featured a large wooden frame of some sort; a mirror on a brass stand and a miniscule head made from mud and straw. Usually when a mirror is present it signifies that the artist wants the viewer to be part of the artwork itself though seeing all of these objects together evokes many questions and screams doubt and confusion. What is the purpose? What is the meaning?
Upon further research it seems that this doubt and confusion is actually the entire purpose of the exhibition. When we see a table our eyes immediately send a message to our brain outlining the purpose of a table and stating the obvious fact that it is indeed a table, the same with a chair; a fridge, a shoe, or any known object. Yet what happens when we are met with an unfamiliar object? Our mind will work and work to try and solve the mystery. It seems that it is a code to be cracked and a puzzle to be solved… or perhaps it is simply art. Art does not require a purpose to exist nor does it need a name, but nevertheless it is there.
Ironically further into the exhibition there is a piece titled ‘Navigation’, by Sarah Samy; a kappa foam cut-out situated on the floor and resembles a jigsaw puzzle yet it is an incomplete puzzle without an answer.
Another interesting aspect about What Are You Doing, Object? is that all of the materials used to create each piece are those familiar to us: wood, brass, mud, plastic, foam and fiberglass; this gives us a tiny piece of information to work with, though much like the jigsaw puzzle by Sarah Ramy, the rest of the information is missing. What Are You Doing, Object? is an aesthetically pleasing collection first and foremost, but the beauty of it is that each piece in its autonomous state could mean absolutely anything, or nothing it all.